Tuesday, June 6, 2023

Unit: 3. How to Wash Clothes in a Washing Machine (Reading II) || Reading, Grammar & Writing Exercise || Grade 8 || English


Unit: 3 (Reading II)

How to Wash Clothes in a Washing Machine

Reading, Grammar & Writing Exercise

Reading Exercise

A. Match the words in column A with their meanings in column B.

appliance – v. a device designed to perform a specific task

agitate – i. to make something move around by shaking

shrink – iv. to deposit in a careless way

detergent – vi. a water-soluble cleansing substance

dump – iv. to deposit in a careless way

mold – iii. fungus

B. Answer these questions.

a. What is a washing machine?

A washing machine is a home appliance used to do the laundry.

Why do you think it is necessary to separate the laundry?

It is necessary to separate the laundry to avoid damaging the fabrics.

b. How can the user maximize the cleanliness of clothes?

The user can maximize the cleanliness of clothes by choosing the right washing cycle based on the fabric care label.

c. Mention the effects of overloading.

Overloading can result in the clothes not being washed as they should be.

d. Why should we clean a washing machine regularly?

We should clean a washing machine regularly because it helps prevent mold from growing and is an important part of knowing how to use washing machines.

e. Do you think the text is useful for you? How?

Yes, the text is useful as it provides step-by-step instructions on how to wash clothes in a washing machine, including tips on separating the laundry, loading the machine, adding detergent and fabric softener, choosing the right washing cycle, setting the water temperature, and cleaning the machine.

C. Make a list of the home appliances you have at your home. Write operation instructions for any one of them in brief.

List of Home Appliances:

1.    Refrigerator

2.    Washing machine

3.    Microwave oven

4.    Television

5.    Air conditioner

6.    Dishwasher

7.    Vacuum cleaner

8.    Blender

9.    Toaster

10.Coffee maker

Operation Instructions for the Microwave Oven:

1.    Place the microwave oven on a sturdy, level surface in a well-ventilated area of your kitchen.

2.    Plug the power cord into a suitable electrical outlet.

3.    Open the microwave oven door and place the food or beverage you wish to heat or cook inside the oven.

4.    Close the door securely until it clicks into place.

5.    Use the control panel to set the desired time and power level. Most microwaves have a digital display and buttons for adjusting these settings.

6.    Press the "Start" button to begin the cooking process. The microwave oven will start running, and the timer will count down.

7.    While the microwave oven is operating, it is important to monitor the food or beverage being heated. If any unusual sounds, smells, or smoke occur, immediately stop the microwave and check for any issues.

8.    Once the cooking time is complete, the microwave oven will emit a beep sound to indicate that the process is finished. Open the door carefully, using oven mitts or a heat-resistant glove to protect your hands from the hot food or container.

9.    Remove the heated or cooked item from the microwave oven, being cautious as it may still be hot.

10.Clean the microwave oven regularly by wiping the interior with a damp cloth or sponge and using mild detergent if necessary. Do not use abrasive materials or harsh chemicals that may damage the surface.

11.When not in use, it is advisable to unplug the microwave oven for safety and energy-saving purposes.


Grammar II

Change the following questions into reported speech.

a. “Are you going to the store?” said Pawan.

Pawan asked if I was going to the store.

b. “Is your sister coming to the party?” says Pallawi.

Pallawi asks if my sister is coming to the party.

c. Sophie said to me, ‘Do you like pizza?”

Sophie asked me if I liked pizza.

d. Siddhartha said, “Does your cat like to chase mice, Rani?”

Siddhartha asked Rani if my cat liked to chase mice.

e. The guest inquired, “Is it raining outside?”

The guest inquired if it eas raining outside.

f. “Did you finish your homework?” the teacher asked.

The teacher asked if I had finished my homework.

g. “Are you feeling well?” asked my mom.

My mom asked if I was feeling well.

h. My friend said, “Does your boss expect you to work overtime today?”

My friend asked if my boss expected me to work overtime that day.

i. Smita wanted to know, “Is your favorite colour purple?”

Smita wanted to know if my favorite colour was purple.

j. The boss said, “Did you see the news this morning?”

The boss asked if I had seen the news that morning.

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